The full form of PHD is Doctor of Philosophy. A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin: philosophiae doctor or doctor philosophiae) is the most common degree at the highest academic level awarded following a course of study doctorate. PhDs are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. It is an earned research degree, those studying for a PhD are required to produce original research that expands the boundaries of knowledge, normally in the form of a dissertation, and defend their work before a panel of other experts in the field. The completion of a PhD is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields across various professions.
Requirement for PHD Degree
The specific requirements to earn a PhD degree vary considerably according to the country, institution, and period, from entry-level research degrees to higher doctorates. During the studies that lead to the degree, the aspirant is called a doctoral student or PhD student; a student who has completed all their course works and comprehensive examinations and is working on their thesis/dissertation is sometimes known as a doctoral candidate or PhD.
PHD in India
In India, generally, a master’s degree is required to get admission to a doctoral program. Direct admission to a PhD program after bachelors is also offered by the IITs, the IIITs, the NITs, and the Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research in any science subject background. In some subjects, doing a Masters in Philosophy (M.Phil.) is a prerequisite to starting a PhD For funding/fellowship, it is required to qualify for the National Eligibility Test for Lectureship and Junior Research fellowship (NET for LS and JRF) conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) India.
In the past few years, there have been several changes in the rules relating to a PhD degree in India. According to the new rules described by UGC, universities must have to conduct entrance exams in general ability tests and the selected subject. After clearing these tests, the shortlisted candidates need to appear for an interview round with the available supervisor/guide. After successful completion of the coursework, the students are required to give presentations of the research proposal (the plan of work or synopsis) at the beginning, submit progress reports at each time interval, give a pre-submission presentation and finally defend the thesis in an open viva. Know more at Wiki. To know more about full form of PHD and eligibility and more.
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