Full Form of TB – Tuberculosis | 4 Best Drugs to Cure TB

What is the Full Form of TB

Full Form of TB

The full form of TB is “Tuberculosis”. Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick.

What is TB

The full form of TB is Tuberculosis. It is an infectious disease that can cause infection in your lungs or other tissues in your body. It commonly affects your lungs, but it can also affect other organs like the spine, brain, and kidneys. The word “tuberculosis” comes from a Latin word for “nodule” or something that sticks out. Tuberculosis is also known as TB. Not everyone who becomes infected with TB gets sick, but if you do get sick you need to be treated.

Three stages of TB

We have discussed the full form of TB. Also, we have known about the common diseases which are caused by TB. Here are going to see the different stages of TB diseases to understand the criticality of the disease. Know more here.
  1. Primary infection.
  2. Latent TB infection.
  3. Active TB disease.

Different Types of Tuberculosis

In addition to active or inactive, you might hear about different kinds of TB, including the most common, pulmonary (lung) tuberculosis. To know the full form of TB you can see the above section. But the bacterium can also affect other parts of your body besides the lungs, causing extrapulmonary tuberculosis (or TB outside of the lung). You might also hear about systemic miliary tuberculosis, which can spread throughout your body and cause:
  • Meningitis is an inflammation of your brain.
  • Sterile pyuria, or high levels of white blood cells in your urine.
  • Hepatitis is a liver infection.
  • Lymphadenitis in your neck is also called scrofula or TB lymphadenitis.
  • Pott’s disease is also called spinal tuberculosis or tuberculosis spondylitis.
  • Addison’s disease is an adrenal gland condition.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Every person must be aware of the basics of TB like the full form of TB and its symptoms. People with inactive TB do not exhibit symptoms. However, they may have a positive skin reaction test or blood test.
Those with active TB can show any of the following symptoms:
  • Bad cough (lasting longer than two weeks).
  • Pain in your chest.
  • Chills.
  • Fever.
  • Night sweats.
  • Coughing up blood or sputum (mucus).
  • Fatigue or weakness.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Weight loss.

How is Tuberculosis Cured?

TB infection and disease are treated with these drugs:
  1. Isoniazid (Hyzyd®).
  2. Rifampin (Rifadin®).
  3. Ethambutol (Myambutol®).
  4. Pyrazinamide (Zinamide®).
  5. Rifapentine (Priftin®).

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Note: – At KitabDukan, We avail the complete information starting from the latest exam notification, and complete syllabus, and then we provide you the complete list of important books which are needed for exams. In this article, we have demonstrated the full form of TB along with the needful information related to TB.

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