Full Form of CSO – Central Statistics Office

What is the Full Form of CSO

What is the Full Form of CSO

Full Form of CSO

The full form of CSO is “Central Statistics Office”. The Central Statistics Office coordinates the statistical activities in the country and evolves statistical standards. CSO is headed by a Director General assisted by 5 Additional Director Generals. This Division is responsible for the preparation of national accounts, which includes Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Government and Private Final Consumption Expenditure, Fixed Capital Formation, and many macro-economic aggregates. The Division brings out an annual publication, titled “National Accounts Statistics”, containing these statistics.

History of CSO

The full form of CSO is described above. The CSO was set up in the cabinet secretariat on 2 May 1951 as a part of the cabinet Secretariat and has co-ordinating and advisory functions. At that time the name of CSO was Central Statistical Institute. In 1954 the CSI merged with CSO and the new name was Central Statistical Organization. Recently, for a third time, its name changed and now it is called Central Statistics Office.
Divisions of CSO
We have covered the full form of CSO in the previous section. Here we are going to list the 5 divisions of CSO.
National Accounts Division (NAD)
  1. Social Statistics Division (SSD)
  2. Economic Statistics Division (ESD)
  3. Training Division
  4. Coordination and Publications Division (CAP)

Activities of CSO

Here we will cover the primary activities of CSO which is performed by CSO. The full form of CSO and 5 divisions of CSO are described above. Know more about full form of CSO at wiki.
The Central Statistics Office is responsible for the coordination of statistical activities in the country, and for evolving and maintaining statistical standards in India. Its activities include
  • National Income Accounting
  • Conduct of Annual Survey of Industries
  • Economic Censuses and its follow-up surveys
  • Compilation of Index of Industrial Production
  • Consumer Price Indices for Urban Non-Manual Employees
  • Human Development Statistics
  • Gender Statistics imparting training in Official Statistics
  • Five Year Plan work relating to Development of Statistics in the States and Union Territories
  • Dissemination of statistical information
  • Work relating to trade and energy
  • Construction and environment statistics
  • Revision of National Industrial Classification

It has two publications:

1. The statistical abstract- In India (annual)
2. The monthly abstract of Statistics

Functions of CSO

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoS & PI) is responsible for the compilation of National Accounts Statistics (NAS). At the State level, State Directorates of Economy and Statistics (DESs) have the responsibility of compiling their State Domestic Product and other information. It plays an advisory role in statistical matters it provides national statistics to the UN It has set up a unit to attend to statistical work relating to the five-year plans in collaboration with the planning commission and has expanded training facilities for statistics personnel.

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