Full Form of EDTA -Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid

full form of EDTA

What is the Full Form of EDTA

Full Form of EDTA

The full form of EDTA is “Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid”. Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) is a polyprotic acid containing 4 carboxylic acid groups and 2 amine groups with lone-pair electrons that chelate calcium and several other metal ions.

Properties of EDTA

In the above section, we have seen the full form of EDTA. Here we will discuss the primary properties of EDTA.

Formula: C10H16N2O8

Average Mass: 292.24272

Monoisotopic Mass: 09067

Uses of EDTA

There is various sector where the chemical EDTA is being used for several purposes. Below we have mentioned some of the uses of EDTA.
It is a widely used chelating agent in food, and household products and as a medication in chelation therapy.

Structure of EDTA

After the full form of EDTA, Properties, and uses, we are going to discuss the structure of the chemical compound. EDTA is a dry and white crystalline powder and a hexadentate ligand, so, it forms six bonds with a central metal ion. It is a complex structure chemical compound that has some specific uses. The full form of EDTA is explained here.

EDTA uses in Food

USFDA has approved EDTA for its use as an additive in various processed food items. It can be used in many food items. It helps retain color in canned foods like mushrooms, white potatoes, shrimp, clams, and more.Β  EDTA is also used as a preservative in salads, and mayonnaise items. Kn

Medicinal Uses of EDTA

It is used as prescription medicine. It can be injected into the vein or muscle. In the above section, we have covered the full form of EDTA. Some of the medicinal uses of EDTA are given below:
  • It is used to prevent the clotting of blood samples and to remove lead and calcium from the body. So, it is widely used as an anticoagulant in blood banks.
  • It is also used as an ointment for skin-related problems such as skin irritations caused by metals like nickel, copper, and chromium.
  • It is also used to prevent bacteria from creating a biofilm, which is a thin layer that sticks to the surface.
  • It is used to treat lead poisoning and brain damage due to lead poisoning.
  • EDTA is used in root canal therapy before applying dental adhesives.
  • It is also present in some eye drops as it helps remove calcium deposits from the eye.
  • EDTA is used to treat irregular heartbeat caused by exposure to chemicals and to treat chest pain, high blood pressure, blood circulation issues, and more.

Household Product and Cosmetic Use

EDTA is also widely used as an additive to soaps. It can chelate calcium and magnesium in hard water and thus enhance the cleansing action of soap. Besides soaps, it is also used in cosmetics items, mouthwashes, and other common topical preparations for skin. Know more here about full form of EDTA.

Side effects of EDTA overdose

As you know the amount of chemical compound is pretty much important when you are eating any chemical. Many side effects may happen to the person if they take an overdose of EDTA chemical. A patient may experience any one of the following side effects after taking the EDTA.
  • Red skin rashes, blistering, peeling.
  • Pain, swelling, and redness in the area where the injection is given.
  • You may feel dizzy if get up too fast after taking the injection of EDTA.
  • Nausea, vomiting, headache, and diarrhea.

What is EDTA and its formula?

C10H16N2O8. The detailed information about full form of EDTA is given here.

Why EDTA is widely used?

EDTA is sometimes prescribed by doctors to clean toxic metals, such as lead, from the blood. Doctors have used the molecule for decades to treat heavy metal poisoning.

Why is EDTA used in blood samples?

EDTA inhibits clotting by removing or chelating calcium from the blood flowing. EDTA’s most important advantage is that it does not distort blood cells, making it ideal for most hematological tests.

Why is EDTA poisonous to human?

EDTA can cause abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, low blood pressure, skin problems, and fever.

What if EDTA blood is high?

The higher the concentration of EDTA, the larger the osmotic withdrawal of water from the cells, leading to a reduction in PCV.

Is EDTA natural?

No, It is not a natural product. It is a chemical product.
Does EDTA affect hemoglobin?
No, it doesn’t affect the hemoglobin in our blood. Full form of EDTA is explained here.

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Note: – At KitabDukan, We avail the complete information starting from the latest exam notification, and complete syllabus, and then we provide you the complete list of important books which are needed for exams. In this article, we have demonstrated the full form of EDTA along with the needful information related to EDTA.

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